The Importance Of Social Harmony In The Pursuit Of Freedom
1403 WordsMar 8th, 20166 Pages
Professor Joan Tronto
19 December 2013
Marx and Gandhi:
The Importance of Social Harmony in the Pursuit of Freedom
In response to prompt #7:
Pick two thinkers from among Marx, Fanon, and Gandhi, and write an essay in which you answer this question: what is the best way to achieve human freedom? You should consider: a) How do individual freedoms relate to collective freedoms? b) How do individual and collective practices of self-discipline and education create or impede human freedom?
Although a generational, geographical, and cultural gap exists between them, Karl Marx and Mohandas Gandhi seem to agree that the best path to freedom is one where communal unity is the prime focus. For Marx, the existence of classes…show more content…
Finally, in addition to eliminating classes, personal property, and transferring the ownership of production means to the people, Marx thinks a free public education system would further the development of individual freedom. Marx calls for: “Free public education for all children. Elimination of factory work for children in its present form. Associating education with material production, etc. etc.” (Marx 20). An educational system as such would help to “level the playing field”, as those families who were previously in no position to afford schooling for their children, can now do so. More knowledge of the world can only broaden one’s freedom, never limit it. To Gandhi, there was only one route to real freedom, or swaraj: the powerful force of truth, love, and nonviolence—satyagraha. In India’s grasp for independence from the British Empire, “Mahatma” Gandhi writes, “Truth is soul or spirit. It is, therefore, known as soul-force. It excludes the use of violence because man is not capable of knowing the absolute truth and, therefore, not competent to punish” (Gandhi 50, 51). If one wishes to achieve swaraj, one must gain the sympathy of the oppressors and “win [them] over with love” (Gandhi 47).
A true satyagrahi (or freedom pursuer), Gandhi writes, requires extraordinary self-discipline, analogous to that required of the proletariat to overthrow bourgeois society:
. . . [A] satyagrahi needs many more virtues like self-control,
Racial Harmony Week Essay example
1405 Words6 Pages
Racial tension is one of the major issues in the U.S. today. Since many centuries ago, this has been an internal problem in this country and this has caused racial strife and disunity among people. There are many who believe that racism is a thing of the past. However, racial tensions are still rampant in this nation and many others. These kinds of problems affect all of us, especially the minorities. If the problems of racial discrimination and tension are not being solved, minorities are likely to feel that they are treated differently. The crucial thing is not to overlook the different races and cultures that are in the community, but to embrace our differences and have mutual respect among races in order to live in harmony. As…show more content…
They are the ones that are educating the youth not only academically, but also mentally. It is necessary to note that some institutions already have some activities and events in place that are devoted to acknowledging people from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. One example of such events is Michigan State University’s Global Festival.
According to msu.edu, the Global Festival is a community event that draws together a crowd ranging from 4,000 to 5,000 visitors from the Lansing and East Lansing community. This event celebrates both our diversity and the human experience that binds us together. On top of that, this event also contributes significantly to the spirit of community that is so unique to MSU, through the joint efforts of MSU's nationality student groups and the residents of the greater Lansing community (“Global”). This festival, which is being held every year by MSU, is free and is a huge success for the university.
Although there are already events that make people understand the cultural and background of people from around the world, these kinds of events tend to be held in the span of one day, which is insufficient for students to deeply immerse themselves in the understanding of other cultures. Institutions and community centers in Michigan still need to organize more effective and efficient events that can remind people of the racial tensions in the past and the negative results that came out