Essay Grading Scheme and Correction Symbols
Components of letter grades for essays and rewrites:
|Content 50%||Language (simple, clear, accurate) 50%|
Rewrites [==> den Aufsatz revidieren]: You will rewrite your essays based on your instructor's feedback and the correction symbols below. Your final essay grade will be calculated as follows:
|First draft [=die erste Fassung] 50%||Rewrite [=die Neufassung] 50%|
Essay Correction Symbols
FOREST LEVEL: These are your HIGHEST PRIORITY and will significantly affect your grade on essays and tests! Write simply and clearly. Use the dictionary thoughtfully and sparingly (use the German you know!). Pay attention to case (Nominative, Accusative and Dative)
|?||Meaning is unclear. This is usually the result of trying to translate an idea literally from English.|
ID and ID* both mean that you have made a mistake with an IDiomatic expression. This usually means you've tried to translate an English idiom literally into German when that can't be done, e.g. "this evening" = "heute Abend" and not "";"the first time" = "das erste Mal" and not "." ID* indicates that the error is especially serious or distracting.
The following combinations of ID + number indicate some common idiomatic mistakes to avoid:
W* and W both indicate that you've chosen the wrong word, but W* indicates that the mistake is especially serious. Examples are:
Most such errors can be avoided by
The following combinations of W + number indicate some common word choice mistakes to avoid:
|SO||Remember that subjects of verbs are Nominative and objects of verbs or prepositions are Accusative or Dative (for Genitive errors we'll use GEN--see below). |
|GG||Grotesque Gender mistakes e.g. die Vater, die Mann, das Mutter, das Frau - or multiple genders for the same noun|
TREE LEVEL: These are fundamental verb mistakes that will stand out to anyone walking through your forest.
|ING||Remember German has no -ing form: I go = I am going = Ich gehe. I went = I was going = Ich ging OR Ich bin gegangen. Wrong are e.g. "," "".|
|MV||Modal Verb mistakes (errors in conjugation; failing to use "modal + infinitive")|
|SV||Subject and Verb do not agree|
|TM||Wrong Tense [Present/Past…] or Mood [indicative vs. subjunctive] of the verb|
WEED LEVEL: We don't want to see too many weeds in your garden BUT any interesting garden will have a few. Don't feel bad
|AD||You've confused Accusative and Dative. Where the reason for the error is ambiguous, we may write SO/AD.|
|DN||Nouns add an "-n" in the dative plural. DN indicates that you've either forgotten this extra -n we add to the regular plural form in the Dative, or added one where it's not needed.|
|EA||Don't confuse Ein-word endings and Adjective endings!|
|GEN||GENitive mistakes: |
|GR||Capitalization [=GRoß- und Kleinschreibung]|
|I||Punctuation [=Interpunktion]. Usually means you need to insert or delete a comma.|
|ID||IDiomatic expression. See ID* under "Forest Level" for more information!|
|NN||Wrong form of an N-Noun. N-Nouns, also known as weak nouns, are a special class of masculine nouns that add an -en or -n ending whenever they are not in the Nominative singluar. E.g. der Student ==> den/dem/des Studenten; der Herr ==> den/dem/des Herrn. They include the male forms of some occupations (Student, Professor, Biologe, Astronaut, Philosoph, Kollege...), some male animals (Elefant, Affe, Drache), and some other nouns (Junge, Herr, Kunde, Planet...)|
|P||Wrong OR missing Preposition|
|PA||This note means you need to use the PAssive, i.e. the appropriate form of "werden" + a past participle.|
|PL||Wrong PLural form (for nouns)|
|RP||Wrong/missing Relative Pronoun|
The word you need is SIMilar to the word you have used. We'll use this if you've confused similar words like "dass" and "das," "antworten" and "beantworten," "Strahlen" [=rays] and "Strahlung" [=radiation].
|V||Other Verb problems not included in the above categories (ING, MV, SV, TM, VP). These include errors in conjugating the verb [e.g. instead of er/sie/es gibt], using the wrong form of the participle [e.g. instead of gemacht], or using the wrong auxiliary verb [haben vs. sein]. [Do not confuse V and W: V ==> change verb form or change the auxiliary verb, but keep using this verb; W ==> use a different word]|
|W||Wrong Word [Do not confuse V and W: V ==> change verb form, but keep using this verb; W ==> use a different word]. See W* under "Forest Level" for more information!|
|Wst||Word order [=Wortstellung] [for word order mistakes other than verb position (VP)]|
|>||Word missing [usually (but not always) an article or reflexive pronoun]|
The Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) process sets out the compliance requirements for electronic and electrical equipment. Testing, test reports, standards, approvals, compliance levels and Declarations of Compliance are mandatory requirements as per previous arrangements for electrical safety approvals and Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) requirements. The most significant visual change from the A tick and C tick is the logo and the removal of the ACMA Suppliers Number.
The RCM system is not similar to the CE process. The RCM system requires that only Australian or New Zealand importers and manufacturers have the authority to sign the 'Supplier Declaration of Conformity', and can authorize the placement of the RCM logo onto products. Manufacturers and exporters outside of Australia and New Zealand do not have authority to apply or place the RCM logo directly onto the product, nor can they sign the RCM Supplier Declaration of Conformity.
Registration of the Australian importers and Australian manufacturers, the labelling of equipment with the RCM logo or RCM mark, the terminology used with electrical safety, and legal responsibility for compliance being with the Australian importers and Australian manufacturers for electrical safety and ACMA matters. For some items, tighter evidence of conformity is required.
The system is based on a common national database used by the Electrical Regulatory Authority Council (ERAC) and the ACMA in Australia, and Radio Spectrum Management (RSM) in NZ for the purpose of registration.
In summary, the ERAC RCM system provides:
- a registration of Australian importers and manufacturers that supply electrical and electronic devices, and
- for those Australian importers and manufacturers that supply mains powered Prescribed Electrical Items (EESS Level 3), the system links those Australian entities with the approved items listed in the National Approval Database.
For more information on the RCM process, refer to: