Show MoreImmanuel Kant's Theory
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) discussed many ethical systems and reasoning’s some were based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. In Kant’s eyes, reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. Actions of any sort, he believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action performed for appropriateness or solely in obedience to law or custom can be regarded as moral. A moral act is an act done for the "right" reasons. Kant would argue that to make a promise for the wrong reason is not moral you might as well not make the promise. You must follow a certain code in order to find truth behind your actions. Kant believed that you should treat everyone with…show more content…
I believe Kant is right in making certain moral and ethical codes exempt from being a universal law because there shouldn’t be different rules for different laws. The rules and laws should apply to every situation. An act is either wrong or right, based on his universality law. For example, giving money to a homeless person just to get him/her to leave you alone would be judged not moral by Kant because it was done for the wrong reason. With Kants belief in mind; if the consequence of immoral behavior were dealt with in a legal structure, people would be prosecuted for "EVERYTHING" since there are no extenuating circumstances. Kant's categorical imperative is a tri-dynamic statement of philosophical thought:(1) "So act that the maxim of you could always hold at the same time as a principle establishing universal law."(2) "Act so as to treat humanity, whether in your own person in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only.'(3) "Act according to the maxims if a universally legislative member of a merely potential kingdom of ends." In other words, Kant argues that particular action requires conscious thought of the rule governing the action. Whether if everyone should follow that rule, and if the rule is acceptable for universal action, it should be adopted. If the rule is unacceptable, then it should be rejected. In order to understand whether or not an action follows Kant's "categorical
Ethics and Morality in Philosophy Essay
908 Words4 Pages
Morality has always been an unacknowledged and crucial role in defining ethics. Principles tend to be a virtue that applies only within society and can be distinguished from law, religion, or ethics. Morality in its defining sense can be different from each other, depending on the foundations of the society that claim their morality. Different societies have a different sense of what their moral priority would be like. Their morality can be based on purity and honesty when others concerned with practices. Many philosophers encourage morality, because generally it prevents and avoids harm to any society that is formed into certain groups.
The most interesting notion of the morality comes out in a question whether it is informed through…show more content…
We have certain moral obligations, because of the nature of our human being – experience of pain or pleasure, our family bounds and or approvals or disapprovals of these. In his Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, Hume says that “the end of all moral speculations is to teach us our duty; and, by proper representations of the deformity of vice and beauty of virtue, beget correspondent habits, and engage us to avoid the one, and embrace the other” (Hume, pg.172). Philosopher is not trying to draw rational and scientific actions of human being, as Descartes, but rather to explain some observational facts of human nature. He reduces these facts to small and very general principles. By doing so he founds a reason for which man actually approves or disapproves morally certain kinds of behavior. The whole Hume’s philosophy is based on examination of human nature. As well as his theory of knowledge that comes from the sense experience and examination. Hume believes that knowledge even within a physical or mathematical contest comes through experience and observation. However, moral judgments depend on passions and sentiments that define approval and disapproval. Hume has a fairly positive and natural perception on moral judgments in Hume’s theory – moral sentiments. Approvals and disapprovals are necessarily connected with each other by feelings and emotions. If morality comes from sentiment,